4 Solutions to Reduce CO2 Emissions in Agriculture

4 Solutions to Reduce CO2 Emissions in Agriculture

Agriculture is one of the largest CO2 emitters, accounting for about 10-12% of total global emissions. Reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the agricultural sector is extremely urgent to cope with climate change and protect the environment. This article will introduce some of the most effective solutions to reduce CO2 emissions in agricultural industries today!

What is CO2 emission reduction?

Climate change is an urgent threat to the Earth, and reducing CO2 emissions is a common task of the entire society. According to the IPCC, CO2 is the greenhouse gas with the strongest impact on climate change, accounting for more than 70% of global greenhouse gas emissions.

CO2 is the greenhouse gas that has the strongest impact on climate change
CO2 is the greenhouse gas that has the strongest impact on climate change

Human activities, especially the burning of fossil fuels (coal, oil, natural gas) and deforestation , are the main causes of increased CO2 levels in the atmosphere.

Regarding solutions for burning fossil fuels, VREnergy has presented in the article Solutions to reduce CO2 emissions for industries . So in this section we will focus on the story of reducing emissions in industry, specifically related to deforestation and solutions.

First we will talk a little about the current situation of CO2 emissions in the agricultural industry. Let’s clearly see the reasons and data on this issue!

Current status of CO2 emissions in the agricultural sector

The agricultural sector generates about 10-12% of global greenhouse gas emissions , equivalent to the emissions of the transportation sector.

If you are interested in this issue, you can learn more details in the article Emission reduction solutions in the transportation industry .

In particular, wet rice is the largest source of CO2 emissions in the agricultural sector, accounting for about 50% of total emissions. Livestock is also an important source of CO2 emissions, accounting for about 19% of total emissions. Using chemical fertilizers and deforestation to expand farming areas also contribute significantly to CO2 emissions in the agricultural sector.

The causes of CO2 emissions in industry come from:

  • Using fossil fuels: Agricultural machinery and equipment use fossil fuels such as gasoline, diesel, etc., emitting CO2 gas.
  • Using chemical fertilizers: The process of producing and using chemical fertilizers releases N2O gas, a greenhouse gas with an effect 300 times stronger than CO2 gas.
  • Livestock: The process of digesting food by livestock releases methane, a greenhouse gas with an effect 25 times more powerful than CO2.
  • Ineffective agricultural waste management: Waste from livestock and agricultural by-products is not properly treated, leading to CO2 and methane emissions.
  • Deforestation: Forests play an important role in absorbing CO2. Deforestation to expand farming areas reduces the Earth’s ability to absorb CO2.
The agricultural sector contributes a significant amount of CO2 emissions to the atmosphere, affecting climate change and the environment.
The agricultural sector contributes a significant amount of CO2 emissions to the atmosphere, affecting climate change and the environment.

The role of the agricultural sector in reducing CO2 emissions

Industry plays an important role in reducing CO2 emissions, contributing to environmental protection and responding to climate change.

  • Industry plays a pioneering role in adopting solutions to reduce CO2 emissions.
  • The transition to renewable energy and improved energy efficiency in industry will contribute significantly to reducing global CO2 emissions.
  • Industry can also develop innovative technologies to assist other sectors in reducing CO2 emissions.
Industry plays an important role in reducing CO2 emissions
Industry plays an important role in reducing CO2 emissions

From understanding the reasons and the “important” role of the agricultural sector in reducing greenhouse gas emissions, there will be solutions to reduce CO2 emissions that can be applied to the agricultural sector to contribute to protecting the environment. environment, response to climate change and sustainable economic development?

4 Solutions to reduce CO2 emissions in the agricultural industry

Each solution below will approach and solve “OWN” problems of the agricultural sector, specifically:

Use smart farming methods

Smart farming is an agricultural management system based on the use of advanced technologies such as Internet of Things (IoT), artificial intelligence (AI), big data (Big Data),… to optimize streamline production activities.

There are many smart farming methods that can be applied, including:

  • Applying precision farming techniques (precision agriculture): This technique uses advanced equipment and technology to collect data about soil, crops, weather,… from which to make farming decisions. suitable for each specific area. This helps optimize the use of fertilizers, pesticides and irrigation water, minimizing negative impacts on the environment.
  • Use crop varieties with high yield and good resistance to pests and diseases: The use of these crop varieties helps increase crop productivity, reduce pesticide use and protect the environment.
  • Apply organic farming methods: Organic farming is a farming method that does not use chemicals, protecting the environment and human health.
  • Effective land management: Effective land management helps reduce soil erosion and degradation, protect the environment and improve crop productivity.
Apply advanced technology in agricultural cultivation to bring high efficiency
Apply advanced technology in agricultural cultivation to bring high efficiency
Apply advanced technology in agricultural cultivation to bring high efficiency

The above is an effective solution to develop sustainable agriculture, protect the environment and improve farmers’ lives.

Minimize emissions from livestock farming

With an important role in providing food for humans, the livestock industry is also one of the largest greenhouse gas emitters. 

There are many solutions that can be applied to reduce emissions from livestock, including:

  • Improve nutrition for livestock: A reasonable nutrition regimen will help reduce the amount of methane released from the digestive process of livestock.
  • Use low-carbon animal feed: Using low-carbon animal feed such as feed from agricultural by-products, insect feed, etc. will help reduce GHG emissions. from livestock.
  • Treat livestock waste effectively: Treating livestock waste with methods such as composting, biogas, etc. will help reduce greenhouse gas emissions from livestock waste.
  • Developing ecological and sustainable livestock models: Ecological and sustainable livestock models will help minimize the negative impact of the livestock industry on the environment.
Sustainable ecological livestock farming models will help minimize the negative impact of the livestock industry on the environment
Sustainable ecological livestock farming models will help minimize the negative impact of the livestock industry on the environment

Implementing solutions to reduce emissions from livestock will contribute to protecting the environment, improving the quality of livestock products and increasing income for livestock farmers.

Renewable energy applications

Renewable energy is a CLEAN and CHEAPER source of energy than fossil fuels. Renewable energy application will help reduce production costs for farmers.

These renewable energy sources will be applied to provide energy for irrigation systems, lighting… reducing dependence on fossil fuels will help improve crop and livestock productivity.

Renewable energy solutions in agriculture:

  • Using solar energy: Solar energy can be used to provide energy for activities such as irrigation, lighting, drying agricultural products, etc.
  • Using wind energy: Wind energy can be used to provide energy for activities such as water pumping, milling, etc.
  • Using other renewable energy sources: Other renewable energy sources such as biomass energy, geothermal energy,… can also be used in agriculture.
Applying renewable energy in agriculture is an effective solution to develop sustainable agriculture
Applying renewable energy in agriculture is an effective solution to develop sustainable agriculture

Moving towards the use of renewable energy in agriculture is an effective solution to develop sustainable agriculture, protect the environment and reduce production costs.

Developing the forest carbon market

The forest carbon market is where stakeholders can buy and sell carbon credits generated from forest protection and development projects. These projects help absorb CO2 from the atmosphere, contributing to minimizing the impact of climate change.

Developing forest carbon markets is a potential solution to promote reduction of CO2 emissions in agriculture
Developing forest carbon markets is a potential solution to promote reduction of CO2 emissions in agriculture

Benefits of developing the forest carbon market bring:

  • Reduce CO2 emissions: The forest carbon market encourages businesses and organizations to invest in forest protection and development projects, thereby helping to reduce CO2 emissions in the atmosphere.
  • Economic development: The forest carbon market creates new sources of income for local people participating in forest protection and development projects.
  • Environmental protection: Forest carbon markets contribute to protecting biodiversity and improving water and air quality.

Agricultural businesses can offset their CO2 emissions by purchasing carbon credits from forest protection and development projects.

Developing forest carbon markets is a potential solution to promote reduction of CO2 emissions in agriculture

Conclude

It can be said that reducing CO2 emissions in the agricultural industry is an IMPORTANT and necessary task. From the application of the above solutions, it will contribute to minimizing the impact of the agricultural sector on the environment and effectively responding to climate change.

VREnergy has compiled solutions to reduce CO2 emissions in the agricultural industry. These solutions have contributed a lot to reducing greenhouse gases, helping to improve the economic efficiency of some industries such as farming, animal husbandry…

With a strong focus on renewable energy solutions and developing the forest carbon market, these solutions are being responded to by many countries around the world and bring many practical values.

Through this article, VREnergy hopes that you will have more options for suitable applications for your business!

*References:

  • https://dangcongsan.vn/xay-dung-xa-hoi-an-toan-truoc-thien-tai/nhieu-bien-phap-giam-phat-thai-khi-nha-kinh-640609.html
  • http://stnmt.kontum.gov.vn/vi/news/cach-lam-sang-tao-hieu-qua/mot-so-giai-phap-nham-giam-phat-thai-khi-nha-kinh-trong-nong-nghiep-viet-nam-3716.html