The Green Revolution promotes the reduction of CO2 emissions in the Transportation sector

The Green Revolution promotes the reduction of CO2 emissions in the Transportation sector

The green revolution promotes reduction of CO2 emissions in the transportation industry: Opening up great potential

This article will bring you:

  • An overview of the current situation in the transport industry, focusing on innovative solutions that help reduce CO2 emissions.
  • Analyze the huge impact of these CO2 emissions on the environment, economy and society.
  • Solutions to reduce CO2 emissions for businesses and individuals in the transportation industry.

Let’s explore the positive changes taking place in the transportation industry and how the green revolution contributes to creating a sustainable future for the environment and society with VREnergy!

Current status of CO2 emissions in the Transportation sector

Transportation is the second largest source of greenhouse gas emissions in Vietnam, accounting for 18% of total emissions . These emissions, mainly CO2, NOx, SOx, cause air pollution, affecting people’s health and hindering sustainable development.

Increased travel demand makes pollution worse. However, the transportation industry also has the opportunity to transform strongly by applying emission reduction solutions.

Choosing green transportation, improving energy efficiency, and building smart and sustainable transportation infrastructure are effective solutions to help reduce CO2 emissions.

This situation is even more alarming as population increases and travel demand increases. Without drastic solutions, air pollution caused by transportation will get worse.

Transportation is the second largest source of greenhouse gas emissions in Vietnam, accounting for 18% of total emissions
Transportation is the second largest source of greenhouse gas emissions in Vietnam, accounting for 18% of total emissions
Transportation is the second largest source of greenhouse gas emissions in Vietnam, accounting for 18% of total emissions

However, it doesn’t mean there isn’t a solution. The transportation industry is facing an opportunity to transform dramatically by applying emission reduction solutions.

In the following content sections, we will delve deeper into effective emission reduction solutions for the transportation industry. Therefore, please focus on reading slowly to learn details about these solutions.

5 Solutions to reduce CO2 emissions in the transportation industry

Towards a green transportation future, minimizing emissions is everyone’s common goal. Therefore, individuals and organizations are gradually innovating to contribute to building Vietnam’s sustainable development. Specifically, the promising solutions that have been gradually realized are:

Develop public transportation

Prioritizing the development of public transportation is one of the most effective solutions to reduce emissions from transportation. A strong public transportation system will help reduce the load on personal vehicles, thereby significantly reducing the amount of harmful emissions released into the environment.

  • Bus:   Is the most familiar and popular means of public transportation today. By expanding the bus network, increasing operating frequency, combined with priority routes, buses can become an attractive alternative to motorbikes and personal cars.
  • Bus Rapid Transit (BRT):   A rapid bus system with separate lanes, separate from private vehicles. BRT has the advantage of speed, minimizing travel time, and has a larger passenger capacity than regular buses.
  • Subway (Metro):   Is the optimal solution for large, densely populated cities. The subway system operates quickly, safely, and is less affected by weather and traffic conditions on the road. Although the cost of building and operating the subway system is quite high, the effectiveness of reducing emissions and the positive impact on sustainable urban development is undeniable.
Developing public transportation is one of the most effective solutions to reduce CO2 emissions into the environment
Developing public transportation is one of the most effective solutions to reduce CO2 emissions into the environment

Successful public transport development requires close coordination between the Government, investors and operating businesses. It is necessary to invest in building synchronous and modern transport infrastructure, ensuring safety and convenience for users. Besides, there needs to be a reasonable ticket price policy, integrating convenient payment methods (electronic cards, e-wallets) to encourage people to use it regularly.

Cities such as Singapore, Seoul, and Tokyo are typical examples of successfully developing public transportation systems, significantly contributing to reducing air pollution and building a healthy living environment for people. people.

Use green transportation

Vehicles that use clean energy or have low emissions, contributing to significantly reducing the amount of greenhouse gases emitted into the environment, are also known by people as “green vehicles”.

Using green transportation is an inevitable trend globally, not only bringing environmental benefits but also saving energy costs for users.

  • Electric Vehicles (EVs): The bright star of the green transportation revolution is the electric vehicle. Operating on rechargeable batteries, electric vehicles do not produce harmful emissions during operation. Although the current cost of buying an electric vehicle is still relatively high, it has the advantages of smooth operation, saving fuel costs and enjoying preferential policies from the Government (reduction in registration fees, fee support). registration), electric vehicles promise to become the top choice of consumers in the future.
  • Hybrid vehicles (Hybrid Electric Vehicles – HEVs):   Combining an electric motor and an internal combustion engine, hybrid vehicles have the ability to both save significant fuel compared to vehicles using traditional gasoline engines and can also move. Long distances thanks to the internal combustion engine. This is the right choice for users looking for an environmentally friendly vehicle that still ensures versatility.
  • Vehicles running on biofuel (Biofuel Vehicles):   Biofuels produced from renewable sources such as corn, sugarcane, vegetable oil, etc. are being used to replace fossil fuels. Although emissions from biofuel vehicles are still significantly lower than those from gasoline vehicles, biofuel production also has some potential environmental impacts (e.g., agricultural land use). Karma). Therefore, the development of new generation, more sustainable biofuels is necessary.
Vehicles that use clean energy or have low emissions contribute to significantly reducing greenhouse gas emissions
Vehicles that use clean energy or have low emissions contribute to significantly reducing greenhouse gas emissions
Vehicles that use clean energy or have low emissions contribute to significantly reducing greenhouse gas emissions

In addition to developing green vehicles, to encourage people to switch to using these vehicles, support from the Government is needed through preferential policies on taxes and fees, and building a station system. Dense charging for electric vehicles, while raising people’s awareness about the benefits of using green transportation.

Smart traffic management

Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) is a solution that applies information and communications technology (ICT) to regulate, monitor and manage traffic activities. The ITS system contributes to increasing circulation efficiency, minimizing traffic congestion, thereby significantly reducing emissions from vehicles.

Some typical applications of ITS include:

  • Traffic Information System (Traffic Management Information System – TMIS): Provides information about traffic conditions in real time (traffic jams, accidents, road repairs…) to help traffic participants choose Choose the right route to avoid congestion.
  • Smart traffic signal system (Adaptive Traffic Control System – ATCS): Adjusts traffic light times flexibly based on vehicle flow, helping to reduce waiting time at intersections.
  • Electronic Toll Collection System (ETC): Helps travel on the highway quickly and conveniently, while saving fuel because you don’t have to stop and wait to pay the toll manually.
Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS)
Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS)

Deploying an ITS system requires investment in technological infrastructure and qualified human resources to operate and maintain the system. However, the benefits in terms of reducing traffic congestion, saving fuel and reducing emissions are very significant.

Developed countries such as Singapore, Korea, and Japan have successfully applied the ITS system, significantly contributing to improving traffic conditions and reducing urban air pollution. By learning from these countries’ experiences, Vietnam can gradually deploy the ITS system, moving towards a smart, safe and environmentally friendly transportation system.

Construction and Development of Sustainable Transport Infrastructure

Use environmentally friendly means of transport and create favorable conditions for safe and efficient travel
Use environmentally friendly means of transport and create favorable conditions for safe and efficient travel
Use environmentally friendly means of transport and create favorable conditions for safe and efficient travel

Building and developing sustainable transport infrastructure is a key solution to promote the use of environmentally friendly means of transport and create favorable conditions for safe and efficient travel. This solution includes many parallel strategies, aiming to minimize emissions from transportation.

Prioritize investment in public transportation:   Instead of focusing on expanding roads for private vehicles, priority should be given to investing in building dedicated routes for buses, BRT and subways. This encourages people to choose collective transportation, save fuel and reduce road load.

Building a railway system linking large cities:   Developing an inter-regional railway system connecting large cities together will be an attractive alternative to road transport. Railways have the advantage of transporting large volumes of goods, safely and with less emissions than trucks.

Developing bicycle and pedestrian infrastructure:   Designing and building dedicated bicycle and pedestrian lanes not only ensures safety for traffic participants but also encourages healthy lifestyles, Minimize dependence on personal vehicles.

In addition, the use of environmentally friendly materials in transport infrastructure construction and the application of sustainable urban drainage solutions also contribute significantly to minimizing negative impacts on the environment.

Developing the carbon market

Discussion: Developing the carbon market - Source: VnEconomy
Discussion: Developing the carbon market – Source: VnEconomy

Promoting emissions trading scheme (ETS) is a market economic solution to encourage reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. The ETS system works by setting an overall limit on the amount of emissions allowed to be emitted within an industry or economy. This limit is divided into “emission allowances”, which can be traded on the market.

ETS activities:

  • Enterprises are granted a certain amount of emission rights.
  • If they exceed the quota, businesses must buy additional emission rights from other businesses with lower emissions.
  • Conversely, businesses that reduce emissions can sell excess emissions rights on the market.

Benefits of ETS:

  • Encourage businesses to apply green technologies and reduce emissions to save costs on purchasing emission rights.
  • Create a market for investments in emissions reduction projects.
  • Contribute to achieving cost-effective emissions reduction targets.

Actual implementation:

Some countries and economic alliances have successfully deployed the ETS system, typically the European Union (EU ETS). This system has contributed significantly to reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the bloc.

Applies to Vietnam:

Vietnam is in the process of building and completing the legal framework for the carbon market . Effective implementation of ETS requires the active participation of stakeholders, including the Government, businesses and environmental organizations.

To learn more about this section, VREnergy invites you to refer to the recent article on the topic: Overview of the carbon market in Vietnam .

Benefits of Reducing CO2 Emissions of the Transportation Industry

Decreased co2 emission of the traffic department 7 min
Decreased co2 emission of the traffic department 7 min

The transportation industry is one of the largest CO2 emitters, accounting for about 23% of total global emissions. Reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the transportation sector is extremely urgent to respond to climate change and protect the environment. This article will introduce some effective solutions to reduce CO2 emissions in the transportation industry.

Develop public transportation

  • Invest in developing a modern, convenient and reasonably priced public transportation system.
  • Encourage people to use public transportation instead of personal vehicles.
  • Support electric bus, subway and public transport projects using clean energy.

Develop electric vehicles and vehicles using alternative fuels

  • Support the development and use of electric vehicles, hybrid vehicles and vehicles using alternative fuels such as compressed natural gas (CNG), liquefied petroleum gas (LNG) and hydrogen.
  • Build infrastructure for electric vehicles, including charging stations and battery exchange stations.
  • Provide incentives for buyers and users of electric and alternative fuel vehicles.

Promote walking and cycling

  • Build safe and convenient infrastructure for pedestrians and cyclists.
  • Encourage people to walk and cycle for short distances.
  • Organize propaganda and education programs about the benefits of walking and cycling.

Improve energy efficiency:

  • Apply energy saving measures in transportation, including route optimization, using fuel-efficient tires and improving engine efficiency.
  • Develop smart transportation systems to reduce traffic congestion and save fuel.

Developing the carbon market

  • Encourage transport businesses to participate in the carbon market to offset their CO2 emissions.
  • Create incentive mechanisms for the application of solutions to reduce CO2 emissions in transportation.

Conclude

Reducing CO2 emissions in the transportation industry is an important and necessary task. Applying the above solutions will contribute to minimizing the impact of the transportation industry on the environment and effectively responding to climate change.